Old Kingdom Cemetery Discovered in Giza‏

An Egyptian archeology mission directed by Dr. Mustafa Waziri, Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, has discovered part of an Old Kingdom cemetery during excavations carried out at the south-eastern side of Giza Plateau.

The discovery was attended by Dr. Khaled El-Enany, Minister of Antiquities, Zahi Hawass, former Minister of Antiquities.

The cemetery included several burial wells and tombs dating back to the Old Kingdom, Dr. Waziri said.

Waziri explains that the team uncovered several Old Kingdom  tombs and burial shafts but the oldest one to be discovered is a limestone family tomb from the fifth dynasty (circa 2500 B.C.) which retains some of its inscriptions and scenes. The tomb belongs to two persons: the first named Behnui-Ka, whose name was not found before in Giza plateau. He had seven titles among them the Priest, the Judge, the purifier of kings: Khafre, Userkaf and Niuserre; the priest of goddess Maat, and the elder juridical in the court. The second owner named Nwi Who had five titles among which the chief of the great state; the overseer of the new settlements, and the purifier of King Khafre.Many artefacts were discovered in the tomb among the most significant is a fine limestone statue of the tomb’s owner, his wife and son.

Ashraf Mohi, Director General of Giza Plateau said that the cemetery was reused extensively during the Late Period (since early 7th century BC). Many late period wooden painted and decorated anthropoid coffins were discovered on site. Some of them have a vertical line of Hieroglyphics inscriptions on its led.Many wooden and clay funerary masks were also found which some of them hold colours.

El-Enany said that the announcement of all the last discoveries and archaeological projects carried out do not only have a scientific and archaeological value but it is a good promotion to Egypt as well as showing to the whole world Egypt’s true image and soft power.

Dr. El-Enany clarified that The start of work began in Upper Egypt in August 2018, where the President of the Republic opened the Sohag National Museum, and a series of discoveries, including Khoi, and the mummification workshop.

Three underground water projects were completed in 33 days at a cost of 300 million pounds to save important monuments such as Kom Ombo Baswan, Al-Shakafa in Alexandria, and Osirion in Sohag, which have been suffering from the danger of groundwater for more than 100 years.
This is in addition to the establishment of many huge statues after the re-assembly and restoration in Luxor and Akhmim.

Dr. Hawass said that the area where the discovery was an important area for him, where the tombs of the workers of the pyramids were revealed, which is a very important revelation because it confirms that the Egyptians were not slaves and built their tombs to the other world like their kings.

He stressed that this disclosure not only has archaeological significance, but also the importance of tourism, as the disclosure will be announced everywhere in the world. Stressing that only 30 percent of the monuments of Egypt were detected.


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